Shaping the International Environment using Cyber Operations, Actions, and Activities

January, 2017
IDA document: D-8312
FFRDC: Systems and Analyses Center
Type: Research Summary/Research Insights , Documents
Division: Information Technology and Systems Division
Michael P. Fischerkeller See more authors
The international environment is dynamic. Significant actors are seeking, short of armed conflict, to shape it to support the realization or sustainment of their interests. Shaping operations, actions, and activities (OAAs) manifest in a global posture that, in turn, generates residual strategic effects, including dissuasion (persuade a target not to consider a course of action (COA) that would threaten your interests), deterrence (persuade a target not to execute a COA that would threaten your interests), and reassurance (persuade a target to consider and/or execute a COA that would support your interests).