Report of the Project Team for Smart Defence Project 1.1045: Volume 2, Concept of Operations (CONOPS) for Bio-Response

January, 2020
IDA document: D-10974_v2
FFRDC: Systems and Analyses Center
Type: Documents
Division: Strategy, Forces and Resources Division
Mark E. Bohannon, Julia K. Burr, Lucas A. LaViolet, Sean M. Oxford See more authors
Following the international response to the outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa in 2014, the International Military Staff of NATO proposed a project to enhance the alliance’s ability to respond to a biological outbreak. The project, ultimately titled Smart Defence 1.1045, involved 14 nations and multiple NATO commands and activities. This paper is the historical record of the activities and results of Smart Defense 1.1045. Volume 1 summarizes the historical record of the project, and Volume 2 presents a concept of operations for a NATO response to a biological outbreak.