IDA answered three questions in the domain of medical force readiness: (1) How should DoD measure force readiness? (2) What is the current state of medical force readiness? (3) How can DoD improve medical force readiness? DoD should measure medical force readiness by volume of procedures related to severe, complex diagnoses common in theater. Medical force readiness is heavily limited by military treatment facility workload and can be improved by treating more civilian patients and expanding the reserve component.