On December 7, 2012, Ghana is scheduled to hold its sixth elections since the return to democracy in 1992. It is considered one of the few
countries in Africa where democracy is consolidating, evidenced by its continually improving scores on political rights and civil liberties.
Yet, despite positive and constantly improving democratic indicators, Ghana has regularly witnessed electoral violence. While the incidents
of electoral violence have not risen to levels that threaten the stability of the state, they do point to worrisome institutional weaknesses, poor
political party development, and politicization of the security sector. So far in 2012, a number of instances of election-related violence have
been documented. Most of these incidents took place during the biometric voter registration process, involving clashes between political
party supporters, disruption of political rallies, and assaults on politicians. Additionally concerning, political parties are sending mixed
messages about the use of violence during the elections and politicians are using the media to insult opponents and put forth unsubstantiated
allegations, all of which could lead to tension and possibly violence in the lead-up to the elections. The security sector has become
politicized; for example, a leaked tape revealed a plan by the ruling National Democratic Congress to infiltrate the Bureau of National
Intelligence with its own private security personnel.