Coping with Degraded or Denied Environments in the C2 Approach Space

October, 2013
IDA document: D-5040
FFRDC: Systems and Analyses Center
Type: Documents
Division: Strategy, Forces and Resources Division
David S. Alberts, et al See more authors
The NATO Network Enabled Operations (NEC) C2 Maturity Model (N2C2M2) defines a number of command and control (C2) Approaches that correspond to various ways to accomplish C2 functions. These Approaches are defined by organizational the allocation of decision rights, patterns of interaction, and the distribution of information. Recent work in C2 theory has considered the differences in performance relative to the C2 Approach that is adopted. This work has investigated the idea that an optimal operating region of the C2 Approach Space can be identified for particular missions and circumstances, where optimal is a function of effectiveness, efficiency and agility. While circumstances that are characterized by the presence of degraded network conditions or hostile or extreme environments is of great interest, the performance of various c2 Approach options under these conditions have not been well studied. This paper focuses on the relative resilience of organizations as a function of their C2 Approach (a key component of agility). We explore the relationship between C2 Approach and performance under degraded information and communications environments using a set of six unique simulation experiments.