Science and Technology Division

Dr. Leonard J. Buckley, Director, Science and Technology DivisionThe Science and Technology Division (STD) presents clear, concise, and objective advice on science and technology issues related to national security to our sponsors. STD scientists and engineers offer our sponsors insight into technology trends and the impact of emerging advances on national security missions by bringing additional rigor to technology readiness assessments and by providing independent perspectives on technology risks and mitigation strategies. Our research strategy is:

  • First, help define and bound our sponsors’ scientific issue.
  • Then, develop a solution space for what is physically possible to help guide our sponsor's efforts.

As technology advances, so do STD’s core strengths, which include:

  • Electromagnetics
  • Energy analysis
  • Chemical, nuclear, biological detection
  • Advanced optics
  • Countering IEDs and mines
  • Vehicle blast enhancements
  • Materials and armor
  • Training and human factors
  • Robotic systems

STD also manages DoD’s Defense Science Studies Group to strengthen connections between the federal government and relevant science and technology communities in academia. The DSSG introduces leading, recently tenured faculty to security challenges and related technology problems.

STD’s staff is made up of professionals from the physical sciences (physics, chemistry, biology), engineering (mechanical, electrical, materials), and the social sciences (psychology, human factors).  In addition, more than 90 percent hold degrees beyond a bachelors; in fact, three-quarters of the staff hold doctorates.

STD Degrees by Discipline

STD - Selected Publications and Articles6

Significance of Rib Fractures Potentially Caused by Blunt-Impact Non-Lethal Weapons
Shelley M. Cazares,Michael S. Finnin, Jenny R. Holzer, Allison L. King, Corinne M. Kramer, March 2017

The Threat Detection System That Cried Wolf: Reconcilling Developers with Operators
Shelley M. Cazares, DAU Press, December 2015

Reenergizing U.S. Space Nuclear Power Generation
Michael W. Obal, IDA Document NS D-4327, May 2011

A Monte Carlo Tradeoff Analysis to Guide Resource Investment in Threat Detection Systems: From Forensic to Prospective Investigations
Shelley Cazares, Jeffrey Snyder, Joan Cartier, Felicia Sallis-Peterson, John Fregeau, March 2017

Effectiveness of Intelligent Tutoring Systems: A Meta-Analytic Review
James A. Kulik, J.D. Fletcher, IDA Document NS D-8391, February 2017

Predicting the Significant of Injuries Potentially Caused by Non-Lethal Weapons: Tympanic Membrane Rupture (TMR), Permanent Threshold Shift (PTS), and Photothermal Retinal Lesions
Shelley M. Cazares, Allison L. King, Leon R. Hirsch, Jenny R. Holzer, Michael S. Finnin, IDA NSD-8188, June 2016

Food Security in India, China, and the World
Michael S. Finnin, IDA Document D-5823, June 2016

Review and Assessment of Personnel Competencies and Job Description Models and Methods
James Belanich, Franklin L. Moses, Priya Lall, IDA Document D-5803, April 2016

Strategic Implications of Cloud Computing for Modeling and Simulation (Briefing)
Amy E. Henninger, IDA Document NS D-5802, April 2016

Computation and Modeling Applied to Ceramic Materials
Steve Freiman, Lynnette Madsen, William Hong, April 2016 


Search Selected STD Publications



Science and Technology Division6